This programme will address the root causes of crisis in Darfur by tackling one of the main drivers of local conflict and poverty – availability of water. Water is scarce and there is competition over its use. This can result in conflict and lead to unsustainable livelihoods, forcing people to migrate to find alternatives. The climate is likely to get hotter and drier, further increasing scarcity of water. The programme will increase the availability of water for drinking and livelihoods for 250,000 people, and will support communities to sustainably manage their water resources for the benefit of all users. This will increase communities’ resilience to the impacts of drought, contributing to more sustainable livelihoods and reducing the risk of conflict, overall improving stability in Darfur and reducing the pressure to migrate. In addition, the programme will improve sanitation and hygiene behaviour, improving the health and well-being of communities.