This programme will provide humanitarian aid to vulnerable populations in Iraq by (1) Responding to the needs of extremely vulnerable people including women and girls and (2) Supporting improvements in the UN humanitarian system. The programme will deliver life-saving assistance through: Flexible responses to sudden-onset emergencies through the Humanitarian Pooled Fund; and Assistance to protracted IDP caseloads through cash grants and improved access to public welfare. The programme will also fund research aimed at enabling a shift from humanitarian aid in-kind to cash grants. Support will also strengthen the humanitarian response such as the development of Government contingency coordination centres, improving safety and access reporting for NGOs and strengthening the UN response. The programme will contribute towards DFID Strategic Development Plan objectives 1 (strengthening global peace, security and governance) and 2 (strengthening resilience and response to crisis).