The $8 billion Climate Investment Funds (CIF) accelerates climate action by empowering transformations in clean technology, energy access, climate resilience, and sustainable forests in developing and middle income countries. The CIF’s large-scale, low-cost, long-term financing lowers the risk and cost of climate financing. It tests new business models, builds track records in unproven markets, and boosts investor confidence to unlock additional sources of finance.
Contributing to economic and social development of Africa's 38 poorest countries across the period 2015-2017. The thirteenth replenishment of the African Development Fund aligns itself with the African Development Bank's Ten year Strategy and will focus on two objectives to improve the quality of Africa’s growth: inclusive growth, and the transition to green growth. It will focus on the five core operational priorities of infrastructure development, regional integration, private sector development, governance and accountability and skills and technology with special emphasis given togender, fragile states, agriculture and food
The AfDF contributes to the economic and social development of Africa’s poorest countries through investment in infrastructure, regional integration, private sector development, governance and accountability, and skills and technology, to promote inclusive and green growth, with special attention to fragile states and girls, youth and women. The AfDF is the concessional lending and grants arm of the African Development Bank (AfDB) that operates in the 38 poorest, vulnerable and fragile countries to promote economic and social development.
UK contribution to compensate AfDF for the costs of foregone debt service payments under the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI)
The key specific objectives of the TAF is to: a. Build capacity in both the public and private sector in order to facilitate the aims of the PIDG. b. Facilitate private investment and mobilise additional resources directed towards the implementation of initiatives sponsored by the PIDG Facilities. c. Promote better co-ordination in the delivery of technical assistance associated with projects sponsored by the PIDG Facilities. d. Enhance inclusion and other social development opportunities associated with projects supported by the PIDG Facilities. e. Provide post-transaction support for projects supported by the PIDG Facilities. f. Strengthen environmental sustainability of PIDG supported projects. g. Promote development or improvement of capital market systems in selected countries or regions. h. Facilitate affordability by the poor of infrastructure services provided on a commercially viable basis. ;
The programme will catalyse a market based approach for private sector delivery of solar home system (SHS) products and services. This will lead to improved energy access for people in sub-Saharan Africa currently who are currently without modern energy. The programme will work in 14 priorty countries: Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia, Nigeria, Ghana, Sierra Leonne and Senegal. The programme will support: 1) Technical assistance to improve the enabling environment for a market based approach for private sector delivery of solar home system (SHS) products and services (Policy and Regulatory Reform, investment readiness, learning and Coordination) 2) Finance for businesses wanting to enter new and emerging SHS markets in sub-Saharan Africa for their start up and early commercialisation of ideas 3) Test innovative approaches to stimulating private sector investment and a market development.
DFID funds will enable the AfDB to make loans to the most vulnerable and less developed countries in Africa
PEPE will support private sector development, through improving firms’ access to finance and addressing market and government failures in identified value chains following M4P methodology. PEPE will be implemented through 2 components:1) Access to Finance. The access to finance pillar is expected to achieve the outcome of increasing investment levels in the Ethiopian economy, particularly for growth-oriented SME. 2) Priority Sector. The priority sectors pillar is expected to achieve the outcome of increasing returns on investment (productivity) and investment levels in the identified sectors (live stock and leather, cotton and textile,horticulture). In both pillars, particular priority is given to supporting economic opportunity for women and “greening” growth.
Domestic resources are critical to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. The Regional and International Tax Initiatives Programme (RITI) will enable developing countries to access specialist skills by leveraging global expertise to build tax for development capacity. The programme will also enable the production of global public goods and support international and regional organisations to work with countries to deliver both international and domestic tax reforms.
To increase access to improved, affordable and sustainable electricity supply for human development and wealth creation in Sierra Leone by 2018. through a combination of interventions supporting hard infrastructure, institutional reform and operational improvement.
The overall description: Support to the Budget Strengthening Initiative, promoting more effective, transparent and accountable budget policies, processes and systems in the poorest and most fragile states
The Invest Africa initiative will help drive the economic transformation needed to create jobs for the future and set countries on a trajectory out of poverty. It is expected to generate £1bn of new Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in manufacturing (including agro-processing and high value services) sectors in Africa. It will do this by working with African Governments and international companies to facilitate new investments (e.g. by developing the business case for firms to undertake investment, or by supporting their negotiations with Government) and by addressing sector specific barriers preventing those particular investments from taking place .
To deliver market based solutions to meet low income households needs by providing private sector creativity and commercial sector approaches to social marketing and demand creation to deliver innovative solutions and new approaches. This will benefit 100 million people by adopting behaviours and accessing household technologies and services that lead to sustained improvements in health, livelihoods, environment and wellbeing. This contributes towards the post-MDG, Nutrition and WASH agendas. The project will be for 5 years.To identify, test and deliver innovative market based solutions that meet the needs of poor households for basic services such as water, sanitation and hygiene in low-income African countries. Part of the DFID-Unilever partnership agreement, this five year project aims to utilise private sector creativity, social marketing and demand creation methods and techniques to promote behavioural change and accessibility of new technologies and services that lead to sustained improvements in health, livelihoods, environment and wellbeing of 100 million poor people.
The Green Mini-Grids programme aims to help transform the mini grid sector from a growing and sporadic series of pilot projects, to a thriving industry. Work includes development of small-scale electricity generation which serves a limited number of consumers via a distribution grid that can operate in isolation from national electricity transmission network. Transformation is to be achieved through the creation of a critical mass of experience and evidence of success in two countries (Kenya and Tanzania), coupled with improved policy and market conditions for investments regionally.
The Mozambique’s Access to Finance Programme (MAFiP) is a 5 year contract wanting to impact the “active use of responsibly provided financial services by poor people and Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) that meet their needs”. Overall the expected outcome is to open the access to the financial services for the population and businesses of Mozambique and to work with the Government of Mozambique to meet its 2020 target of increasing financial access from 22.3% to 35%.
to improve road access to socio-economic facilities and quality of transport service levels in western Uganda
To make DFIDs Research agenda more responsive through the production of short term policy research that will address the needs of policy makers by providing them with primary evidence that can subsequently be used for policy analysis in such areas as Health, Education, Conflict, Cash Transfers, Aid Transparency, Tax Policy, Social Protection, Energy, Payment by Results, Economics and Innovation. Short term policy driver research studies will be commissioned in the following sectors and regions. A series of case studies will be developed for Higher Education covering Burma, Ghana, Pakistan and Sierra Leone. The information available on Electricity Access and Electricity Insecurity will be reviewed for India. A study will be undertaken on assessing the Cuban Model of Medical Education in sub-Saharan Africa. A review will be undertaken looking at Social Protection and Tax in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa and Activity based Learning will be reviewed in Tamil Nadu, India.
The Language, Gender and Leadership Network will place the previously unheard voices of women and girls at its centre. It will use innovative sociolinguistic methods of narrative data capture to investigate issues of language, gender identities and leadership in developing countries. This approach involves encompassing a focus on life history narratives, designed to capture the complexities of the issues involved in bringing about gender equality in terms of leadership roles and positions within African societies and beyond. By bringing together a number of academic and non-academic collaborators, the Language, Gender and Leadership Network will identify crucial barriers to career aspirations, to acquiring a role in public life and to career progression, as identified by women and girls themselves, alongside a consideration of how key barriers can be successfully navigated. As part of this process, we will identify exemplars of inspirational narratives of best practice, as decided upon by focus groups of women and girls themselves, in collaboration with the core Network management team. The Network aims to bring together pan-African stakeholders, including key figures from politics and businesses, to act as role models, figures of inspiration and examples of best practice to inspire other women and girls. The link between empowering women and the successful economic development of a country is well-documented (e.g.,The World Bank 2016). Through collating stories of success, particularly narratives of successful economic growth through women's entrepreneurialism, activism and mentoring, another of the Network's objectives is to demonstrate how collectively empowering women and girls to strive for leadership roles in businesses, organisations and political spheres can enable societies to reap significantly increased financial benefits quickly and effectively. Another key objective is to aid access to role models and mentors for young people and women in Uganda, where, due to periods of major civil unrest and its significant death toll, 78% of the population are under 30. Older role models and mentors are thus unusual and are often very difficult to come by. The Network will develop and launch a major wiki-style website that will continue to grow 5+ years beyond the project. It will be designed to demonstrate the power of online, community-based activism and how digital transformations can empower previously marginalised groups. The launch of a major interactive website at the third and final conference will showcase the capture of narrative data so far, promoting the value of community-based activism and how digital transformations can enable previously oppressed groups to empower themselves. Alongside the launch of the website, the Network will also launch a set of practical training materials to empower women and girls at various stages of their education and career development through the lens of storytelling, via a graphic narrative story book and drama training. The narrative story book and drama training resources will be co-created and will form the basis of future training interventions in rural communities. The production of these resources aims to inspire members of local communities to be creative, innovative and entrepreneurial by giving them active roles as co-creators, working alongside illustrators to co-produce these training resources. This includes representatives from rural communities attending focus group sessions, embedded as a core part of the first two events, who will decide upon the most inspirational stories to be used for the graphic narrative creation. They will work with a local illustrator to co-create this process. These resources will be of practical use to local NGOs, charities and educationalists, encouraging creativity and enterprise, especially in hard to reach, rural communities with poorliteracy levels.
The aim of the proposal is to push the limits of traditional mini-grid approaches to develop a system that will provide Tier 3 (SE4ALL) domestic and Tier 4 productive services access to electricity at a cost that is commercially viable for low income off-grid rural communities. The specific research objectives: 1) To identify real world end-user current and future usage profiles across a typical community for both domestic and productive uses. 2) Determine the typical diversity factors for these end-users. 3) Cost-optimisation design protocol of the conductor sizes & battery ratings given geo-spatial distribution and usage profiles. 4) Develop a low-cost, robust pico-hub that is serviceable in country. 5) Develop a protection scheme that is appropriate for off-grid and on grid applications. 6)Determine the optimum, robust control and autonomous operation of the system when operating with different configurations - on/off grid, change number of dwellings, changing resources. 7)Understand implications for adapting the existing grid codes. 8)To determine the effectiveness of novel tariffs of a low cost infrastructure.
First, the project will engage scholars working on the political economy of conflict and war to peace transitions. This includes researchers working on issues of violence (e.g. Christopher Cramer, Stathis Kalyvas, Teo Ballve), resources, statebuilding and political settlements (e.g. Jonathan Di John, James Putzel, Philippe Le Billon, Douglass North and Mushtaq Khan), and hybrid political orders (e.g. Volker Boege, Kate Meagher). The research will contribute to this literature by providing a comparative evidence base regarding the perpetuation of criminalised economies in peacetime and the complex dilemmas and trade-offs that exist between peacebuilding, development and counter narcotics efforts to tackle illicit economies. The research will be disseminated through publication in leading development and politics journals, through engagement with existing research networks (such as the Political Settlements Research Programme) and UK and international conferences. Second, the research will benefit scholars working on drugs and other illicit economies, including Pierre-Arnaud Chouvy, Carolyn Nordstrom, Richard Snyder, Ko-Lin Chin, Francisco Thoumi. The research aims to redefine the field of drugs and development by generating an innovative, interdisciplinary framework for conceptualising the dynamics surrounding drug economies that combines political economy, livelihoods, gender, and public health analysis to understand the tensions that exist between counter-narcotics policies and concurrent efforts to address state fragility and poverty. The project is well-placed to disseminate research to audiences across different disciplines through the SOAS Violence, Conflict and Development research cluster, the new SOAS Corruption Centre, the LSE IDEAS International Drug Policy Project, the Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour (CRDHB) and The Centre for Health and Social Change (ECOHOST) (both hosted by the LSHTM). Third, the research will strengthen recent borderland studies scholarship focused on how state margins are not simply reflective of power relations at the centre, but are often constitutive of new political and economic orders (e.g. Hastings Donnan, Thomas Wilson, Benedikt Korf, Timothy Raeymaekers, Paul Nugent, James Scott and Willem van Schendel). Research will strengthen this growing body of literature by demonstrating how a borderlands perspective can address the lack of sensitivity to space in much of the literature on war to peace transitions and statebuilding, which focuses predominantly on national-level political settlements. The research will engage beneficiaries by submitting publications to targeted journals including Geoforum and Journal of Borderland Studies, and through interacting with the Asian Borderlands Research Network, the Association for Borderland Studies and the African Borderlands Research Network. Fourth, the project will provide an important contribution to the literature engaged with developing new research approaches for working in insecure terrain (e.g. Gutierrez-Sanin, Mansfield, Ko-Lin Chin). The research's integration of in-depth fieldwork, GIS spatial imagery and public health analysis will showcase methodological innovation that may then be adapted to other research initiatives in drugs and conflict-affected environments. These findings will be disseminated through the project's workshops and capacity building initiatives with UK-based and southern researchers. The project aims to strengthen the links between UK and southern researchers in Afghanistan, Colombia and Myanmar across all of these areas of knowledge by establishing an extensive research network through the project's proposed Policy Lab and subsequent Research Consortium for Transforming Illicit Economies.