The Wasichana Wetu Wafaulu (WWW - Let Our Girls Succeed) Project is a follow-on project to Wasichana Wote Wasome project implemented 2013-2017. This WWW project (2017-2023) is funded by DFID under the Girls’ Education Challenge window works in 521 Primary, 45 Secondary schools, 25 TVETs and the communities they serve in eight Counties namely: Nairobi and Mombasa (urban slums) Kilifi, Kwale, Tana-River, Turkana, Marsabit and Samburu (Arid and Semi-Arid Lands). The project using an integrated approach will employ strategies that address the girl herself, the girl at home, the girl at school and the girl in the community to support existing cohort of girls (currently in classes 5 – 8) to complete their current phase of education, achieve improved learning outcomes and transition successfully to a productive and positive next phase.
Access to and sharing of information is paramount for sustainable development in all areas . UN SDG (Sustainable Development Goal) 16.10 (https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/transformingourworld) specifically advocates for ensuring public access to information, yet knowledge access and sharing are some of the key challenges in modern Africa, whose population is growing rapidly with large numbers of people being marginalised or left out. Communications with the project partners in Africa revealed that millions of records and information objects have been digitised by various memory institutions, but largely remain inaccessible because of a lack of ICT infrastructure, human and other resources. Such inaccessibility to information assets has implications for access to education, healthcare, agriculture, industrial innovation and development, environmental sustainability and disaster response. In line with SDG17.16 and the UN Addis Ababa convention (http://www.un.org/esa/ffd/ffd3/press-release/countries-reach-historic-agreement.html) the NetDiploma project will build a sustainable global multi-stakeholder network to mobilize and share knowledge and identify future collaborative research required to build a Digital Public Library of Africa (DPLAf) that will promote access to information for everyone and support economic and cultural development. The objective of NetDiploma is to explore how the life, education and empowerment capabilities of people, including those that are "left behind" (https://consultations2.worldhumanitariansummit.org) can be improved by information access and use, utilising enabling technologies, systems and policies appropriately adapted to the culture and context of people in Africa. To achieve this, the project will address the following questions: 1. What are the key cultural, historical, political, linguistic and technology enablers and challenges to community access to information in Africa? 2. How can modern ICT and mobile technologies be used to facilitate access to information required for education, health and wellbeing, cultural integration, agriculture, tourism etc? 3. What policies and practices are required for developing and managing a free DPLAf? 4. What further research is needed to enable the development of a DPLAf? The network will explore how lessons learnt from the recently launched Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) (https://dp.la/) that brings "different viewpoints, experiences, and collections together in a single platform and portal, providing open and coherent access to our society's digitized cultural heritage", can be adapted to the socio-economic and cultural context of Africa, especially languages, economic and human resources, technology infrastructure, regulations, policies, socio-cultural practices, and information/digital literacy. A bottom-up approach will explore and prioritise various user needs to complement the ongoing activities like the Access to Scientific and Socioeconomic Knowledge in Africa project (http://askia.uneca.org) in order to match the demand and supply of information for SDG, and prepare a blueprint for the DPLAf. Through one event in the UK and one in each of the three participating African countries the network will engage with researchers and professionals in memory institutions, international and national organisations and NGOs. NetDiploma will focus on the cultural, behavioural and literacy issues of people as the key enablers in exploring how everyone, including the poorest and most vulnerable, can benefit from better access to and use of information. The project will develop an arts and humanities led interdisciplinary research agenda to inform and facilitate the achievement of UN SDG 16.10 (public access to information) to support change in Africa. 1 Chowdhury, G & Koya, K. (2017) Information practices for sustainability:role of iSchools in achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). JASIST. In Press
To address this global challenge call, a multi-sectorial consortium led by two UK Universities (Coventry University and the University of Oxford), with an international civil society partner and developing country researchers (Practical Action) and an international sustainable energy and ICT social enterprise consultancy (Scene Connect), has been formed to provide original research on energy for displaced populations. The overarching aim of this proposal is the implementation of safe and sustainable energy solutions for lighting, electrification, cooking, heating and cooling, and water and sanitation that promotes development and improves wellbeing in displaced communities, and the associated ICT-based business processes that enable replication and scalability. The consortium aims to deliver an innovative research programme to understand how the energy needs of displaced people can be met a safe, sustainable manner. The project seeks to provide research on energy needs in self-settlements, host communities and refugee camps, and understand how sustainable energy solutions can be delivered. Based on this evidence, the consortium will engage a range of energy stakeholders to design and implement sustainable energy solutions. The role of sustainable sources of energy in providing energy services for refugee protection is a critical area for innovation and scale-up. While the focus within refugee camps is often on solar energy (due to the advanced nature of this technology and the natural solar resource available in many developing countries), there are increasing opportunities for the use of renewable biomass and biogas, wind generators, micro-hydro, geothermal, LPG, and waste recycling. Similarly, renewable micro-grids and hybrid systems are often proposed as options for enabling flexible solutions that can be supplied quickly and efficiently in humanitarian emergencies. In addition, the feasibility and ability of low-cost, remote monitoring wireless systems to manage assets and pre-empt operations and maintenance issues of energy infrastructure require further investigation. Digital infrastructure could potentially be created to provide the private sector the assurance it requires to enter this market which has traditionally been the domain of humanitarian actors. All these scientific areas are worthy of research. The programme of work will provide energy access to four displaced populations in Rwanda (Kigeme, Nyabiheke, Gihembe refugee camps) and Nepal (Tibet and Bhutan refugees and Kathmandu climate change refugees) and assess the impact of the provision of energy on people's lives against the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and create impact through scalability of the energy solutions. Through the program we aim to build capacity with partner countries and organisations. To deliver this, the progress and outputs of the project will be disseminated through the UNESCO UNITWIN Network in Humanitarian Engineering (in which Coventry University is the global lead) as well as specially designed workshops to be held in Africa and Asia over the three year programme period. Ultimately, the project hopes to create a paradigm shift in the way refugees see themselves, instead of 'beneficiaries' dependent on handouts, they will be able to "HELP" themselves and become agents able to choose, produce, consume and take part in the running of their own communities.
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in the world. Globally, smoking kills more people every year than HIV, tuberculosis and malaria combined. By 2030, more than 80% of the world's tobacco-related deaths will occur in low and middle income countries (LMICs). Preventing people from starting to use tobacco, and encouraging users to stop, is a global priority. The World Health Organisation is addressing this through an international treaty, the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), which has been signed by 181 countries and sets out the policies countries should adopt to prevent smoking. The United Nations (UN) sees the FCTC as so important that when it set up 'Sustainable Development Goals' it included the FCTC in Goal 3, which is about improving health and wellbeing for all the world's people. Goal 3.10 says that the implementation of the FCTC should be strengthened in all countries. However, while a number of high income countries (HICs) have made good progress in FCTC implementation, this is not the case in all LMICs. Signing the treaty is not enough: governments need to be helped to introduce good policies and enforce them. However, few LMICs have the capacity, or in some cases the staff with the right skills, to carry out the research and advocacy necessary to design, implement and achieve compliance with good tobacco control policies. Also, most existing research on tobacco has been conducted in HICs, and is not always relevant to LMICs. Thus we need to train and support researchers in tobacco prevention in LMICs, with skills in economics, clinical medicine, public health and the social sciences, for example. This proposal is about filling these gaps, building on some good work already under way. Our proposed programme will be undertaken in two parts of the world (South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa) where progress on tobacco control has not always been good, and where the tobacco industry is active in attempting to undermine measures that work. We propose to build research capacity in several LMICs, thought a programme of research designed to address local priorities in each country, supported by a programme of training in research and impact. It will focus in particular on three issues relevant to UN SDG 3 but also other UN goals on peace, justice and strong institutions (SDG 16) and partnerships (SDG 17). These are: tobacco taxation (which helps reduce tobacco use and provides money for governments to build the economy); preventing illicit trade in tobacco (by protecting tax revenue, reducing corruption and helping to reduce crime) and preventing tobacco industry interference (which aims to prevent or undermine national implementation of FCTC measures). Studies will be conducted on these topics as well as additional priorities chosen by countries (like building evidence for 'smokefree' clean air policies, putting health warnings on tobacco packets and services to help people stop smoking). To do this work we have put together a team including UK academics, researchers in LMICs, and charities working to reduce harm from tobacco. The programme will be led by the UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies, a UK Centre for Public Health Excellence. The team also includes research organisations in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, The Gambia, Ghana, India, South Africa and Uganda, and can be expanded to include other LMICs if resources allow. Support is included from Cancer Research UK, the world's largest independent cancer charity. Additional help will come from other supporters including the FCTC's Framework Convention Alliance and the American Cancer Society. Funding will be used to support a network of early career (post-doctoral) researchers and teams in LMICs and the UK. Extensive training opportunities and support to carry out high quality research on policy and practice in each country and internatio nally, and to establish strong research partnerships for the future, will be provided.
In South Africa, the IDG Consortium assisted the USAID African Housing and Infrastructure Facility at all levels of the process of structuring potential transactions in support of investments. Issues addressed include: warehousing; tenor; securitization; mezzanine; junior or senior debt; general obligation bonds; revenue bonds and other credit enhancements. The IDG team appraises credit worthiness of borrowers and credit assessment capabilities of potential investors with whom USAID would work.