Search Results for: "UN General Trust Fund"
To provide core funding support to seven UN agencies – Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF); Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA); United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR); UN Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF); World Food Programme (WFP); World Health Organisation (WHO); and the International Organisation of Migration (IOM) to support a strengthened humanitarian response and a more efficient, effective and transparent system. These UK funds will enable these UN agencies to respond rapidly to urgent humanitarian needs and shore-up operations in neglected or protracted Crises.
The UK has had an historic role in tackling the legacy of landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW). We were one of the founding signatories to the Land Mine Ban Treaty in 1997. In the 20 years since then, the UK has supported some of the poorest countries around the world to clear landmines and ERW after conflict, building up considerable knowledge and experience in the mine action sector. UK funding for mine action saves lives, releases land for productive use and helps pave the way for further development programming. Through land mine and ERW clearance, mine risk education activities and capacity development of national and provincial authorities this programme will increase stability and security for people in countries affected by landmines and ERW.
To improve the UN’s capacity to respond to crises quickly to prevent them from worsening; to support the UN to build sustainable peace in countries emerging from conflict and to prevent conflict; and to incentivise the pillars of the UN to work together to achieve global peacebuilding objectives. This in turn will deliver improved outcomes for poor and displaced people living in fragile and conflict-affected countries - protecting people caught up in the middle of conflicts, helping communities build peaceful resolutions and supporting communities to live together after conflicts. The direct impact on poor people is expected to include: • reduced number of people displaced by conflict; • reduced conflict related deaths; and • improved economic opportunities for poor people. This programme will deliver support to the UN Peacebuilding Fund (PBF), the UN Department of Political Affairs (DPA), and the Joint UNDP-DPA Programme on Building National Capacities for Conflict Prevention.
The representative of the Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China (MOFCOM), Ms. LIANG Hong, DDG of Department of International Economic and Trade Affairs, first proposed this project to the secretariat of UNIDO at the UNIDO IDB in June 2017. In August 2017, Mr. LI Yong, the Director General, further discussed this project with H.E. Mr. ZHONG Shan, minister of MOFCOM at the Trade Minister Meeting of BRICS in Shanghai. Recently, MOFCOM invited UNIDO to join a field trip to Chengbu, the PR China together with UNRC. 1. Poverty reduction status in China It is one of the basic policies of the Chinese government to innovatively improve its methods in reducing and eradicating poverty, and takes targeted measures to that end. The state has issued a series of development plans and policies regarding industries with local features to provide growth opportunities for impoverished areas. These include the Guiding Opinions on Strengthening Poverty Alleviation Work in the Agricultural Industry and Poverty Alleviation Plan in the Forestry Sector (2013-2020); Poverty Alleviation Through Development Plan of the Agricultural Industry (2011-2020); Measures for Increasing the Income of Industries with Local Features and Development Plan for Economic Forests (2013-2020); and Regional Layout of Agricultural Products with Local Features (2013-2020) . MOFCOM is determined to make a good example for targeted poverty alleviation. It has actively promoted UN office in China to carry out in-depth study in Ganzhou city, Jiangxi Province and Haidong city, Qinghai Province, designed and carried out poverty alleviation and ability construction projects and provided much support for local poverty alleviation work . 2. General information of Chengbu Chengbu Miao Autonomous County (Chengbu) is an autonomous county of Miao people in Hunan Province, China. It is under the administration of Shaoyang City. Located on the south western margin of Hunan, Chengbu covers 2,647 km2. Chengbu has 6 towns and 6 townships under its jurisdiction; the county seat is Chengbei Community . As of 2016, Chengbu had a registered population of 267,043 . Approximately 70% of the population of Chengbu is agricultural population . Agriculture is the most important industry in Chengbu. In 2016, agriculture takes approximately 49% of the GDP of Chengbu. 3. Challenges of Chengbu in reducing poverty Chengbu is a national level poverty-stricken county. As of 2016, there were 34,839 residents in poverty, which takes approximately 13% of the registered population, covering 13 villages and towns under the jurisdiction of Chengbu . Based on UNIDO’s visits to Chengbu from 16 to 18 October, 2017, Chengbu has come a long way in terms of poverty reduction (the incidence of poverty decreased from 20.4% in 2014 to 11.5% in 2016, according to local government statistics). However, what remains to be done to lift the remaining poor out of poverty is to reach the vulnerable groups in particular children and women left behind in the rural villages. The chanllenges of Chengbu in reducing poverty mainly derives from the following factors : a. Insufficient agricultural modernization Chengbu is still in the phase of relying on the traditional agricultural production and selling mode, which cannot adapt to the agricultural development today. For instance, even though Chengbu is close to Hong Kong and Macau, it is highly risky for people in Chengbu to sell the vegetables to Hong Kong and Macau due to the lack of the refrigerated transportation system. b. Slow industrial development The enterprises in Chengbu are facing a series of problems including the narrowed developing space, low-level products, poor industrial linkage among the enterprises, the lack of collaboration and slow development of the financing platform. Under such circumstance, although MOFCOM is trying to support the construction of Chengbu Industrial Park, such facilitation is probably not in demand yet. c. Poor medical and emergency infrastructure It is common for Chengbu to experience natural disasters including flooding and drought due to its geographical location. When the disasters happen, most of the victims could only wait until the disasters pass rather than to resume the agricultural production because Chengbu does not have a highly-functional emergency system. Further, when a family member is attacked by a disease, it would probably cost the family most of its saving because the medical subsidy in Chengbu is very limited. d. Poor traffic facilitation Highway is the only means of transportation in Chengbu. The first expressway of Chengbu was constructed in December 2013, which only passed the villages and towns 30 kilometers away from the county. It takes 5 to 6 hours to arrive at Chengbu from Changsha, the provincial capital of Hunan Province; it takes almost 2 days to arrive at Chengbu from Beijing. As of 2009, 46 villages of Chengbu did not have the highway. Many projects aimed at the poverty alleviation of Chengbu were eventually cancelled because of the poor traffic facilitation. e. Insufficient education Most of the residents in poverty in Chengbu did not receive enough education, lacking the ability, the sense of innovation and the confidence to generate much revenue. Due to the poor educational facilities, Chengbu is not able to attract talented teachers, resulting in the lack of teachers. 4. Opportunities of Chengbu in addressing poverty reduction There is large potential for further industrial development to increase employment opportunities and economic growth. Such potential mainly derives from the following factors: a. Abundant natural resources of bamboo Chengbu has abundant natural resources, including land, water, forest, grassland, plants, animals and mineral, which constitute an advantage for Chengbu to develop ecological agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and dairy industry . Bamboo is one of the most significant natural resources of Chengbu. It is estimated that Chengbu had bamboo forest of over 310,000 mu in 2014 just for the mao bamboo. The local government attached great importance to utilizing the resources of bamboo. In 2010, the head of the Dongtoushan village guided the local farmers to cultivate bamboo fungus . b. Nanshan Pasture Nanshan Pasture is 80 kilometers away from the county seat of Chengbu. Its total area is of 152 square kilometers, with an average altitude of 1760 meters . Hunan Nanshan Farming Company Limited, located at Nanshan Pasture, is a modern dairy company with completed manufacturing chain, which allows it to produce liquid milk and powder milk with the raw materials deriving from Nanshan Pasture . Nanshan Pasture has the potential to develop into the biggest production base for the mountain cow’s dairy products in South China. c. Arts and handicrafts with the minority group’s culture The history of Chengbu can be traced back to the Neolithic Age, which was 4000 years ago. Further, there are 24 different ethnic groups living in Chengbu, resulting in multiple ethnic customs in respect of houses, foods, clothes, marriage, funeral, festivals and religion . Such a rich history and diversified ethnic groups structure endow Chengbu with a colourful minority group’s culture, which is inherited in Chengbu’s unique arts and handicrafts. Among these arts and handicrafts, Miao embroidery is with the most industrialization potential. Miao embroidery is a famous cultural art of the Miao people in Chengbu. The Custom Chart of Chengbu Miao People’s Lives, which is a piece of Miao embroidery created by Ms. Wu Qianjin, was even given an offer of RMB1,000,000 . d. Development of e-commerce The local government has continuously given great support to local leading e-commerce enterprises. Qing Qian Liu Tea Group, a local company, formulated a completed industrial business mode Company plus Base plus Cooperative plus Peasant, realizing the seasonal monthly income for each farmer from RMB6000 to RMB7500 . As of January 2017, Chengbu has one e-commerce agricultural local products flagship store, 2 local e-commerce platform, 15 e-commerce enterprises, one county-level e-commerce services centre, 3 town-level e-commerce services centres and 155 village-level e-commerce services stations . It has also established the e-commerce industry business incubator, the e-commerce logistics park and the e-commerce industry base. On 16 August 2017, Chengbu signed five cooperative agreements and multiple mutually beneficial strategic cooperative memorandums with many famous enterprises including Nanjing Yuntian Mall in respect of the e-commerce and industrial development . Expected Target Beneficiaries: o Government officials - access to expertise and support for setting policy frameworks for sustainable industrial development. o National experts - capacity and skill-sets to support industry to improve its industrial development and industrial modernization, communication with the world leading experts, access to the advanced economic ideas and theories. o Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) (particularly in e-commerce enterprises) - access to expertise and support to assess and implement options for utilizing the e-commerce platforms, cooperation and communication with famous enterprises, knowledge received from the training and seminars. o Local residents – industrial design ability to increase the family income, access to e-commerce platforms and relevant services which help to sell products domestically and abroad. o Consumers - improved access to high-quality products and services from Chengbu. Counterpart Organizations: The counterpart organizations will be a. with relation to the bamboo products: International Network for Bamboo and Rattan (INBAR) and China National Bamboo Research Center (CBRC); b. with relation to the dairy products: China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA); c. with relation to the industrial design ability: China Industrial Design Association (CIDA); d. e-commerce platforms: Alibaba, JD.com, DH Gate, Epec and Shandong Zhiyan Group Work Win Co., Ltd.,; and e. the government: China International Centre for Economic and Technical Exchanges (CICETE), MOFCOM and local governments of Chengbu County. Hunan Province. o The bamboo products - INBAR: INBAR is an intergovernmental organization established in 1997 by treaty deposited with the United Nations and hosted in Beijing, China. Guided by its 2015-2030 strategic plan, INBAR’s priority is to work with countries to focus the use of bamboo and rattan as strategic resources that support sustainable development and their green economy action plans . - CBRC: CBRC is the only national-level legally-authorized comprehensive research institution in China specializing in applied basic research and applied research on bamboo. It also serves as an important platform for international forestry convention implementation . o The dairy products - CFDA: CFDA the ministerial-level agency to improve food and drug safety of China . It is directly under the State Council of the PR China, and is in charge of comprehensive supervision on the safety management of food, health food and cosmetics and is the competent authority of drug regulation in mainland China . o The industrial design ability - CIDA: CIDA is a legal person association granted through State Department in 1979. It aims to promote the development of the industrial design and art design in order to accelerate the design industrialization . o E-commerce platforms - Alibaba: Alibaba is a Chinese e-commerce company that provides consumer-to-consumer, business-to-consumer and business-to-business sales services via web portals. - JD.com: JD.com is a Chinese e-commerce company headquartered in Beijing. - DH Gate: DHgate.com is a business-to-business e-commerce website that facilitates the sale of manufactured products from SMEs to buyers . - Epec: Epec is an e-commerce platform of Sinopec, a Chinese oil and gas company based in Beijing, China. It is established for industrial products based on “internet plus supply chain”, which is a new type of SC2B e-commerce operation model . - Shandong Zhiyan Group Work Win Co., Ltd.,: Shandong Zhiyan Group Work Win Co., Ltd., is a leading manufacturer and provider of total integrated supply chain solutions. It offers agricultural equipment, garden equipment and accessories . o The government - MOFCOM: MOFCOM is an executive agency of the State Council of China. It is responsible for formulating policy on foreign trade, export and import regulations, foreign direct investments, consumer protection, market competition and negotiating bilateral and multilateral trade agreements . - CICETE: Directly under MOFCOM, CICETE is an administratively autonomous agency. Its main function is to coordinate the cooperation between China and UNDP, UNIDO and UNV including executing their assisted programs to China, and to implement projects of general goods supply under the China-Aid programme to other developing countries . The Cooperation Framework between UNIDO and China: 1. The China-UNIDO Country Programme 2016-2020 Within the framework of UNIDO’s mandate and approved services, the China-UNIDO Country Programme 2016-2020 focuses on promoting inclusive and sustainable industrial development (ISID) through convening global forums for industrial cooperation and standard-setting, as well as providing policy advisory and technical cooperation services in order to address the two major components of the ISID, namely creating shared properity and safeguarding the environment. UNIDO’s intervention into priority areas defined in the Country Programme is focusing on green industry, food safety and international cooperation. ISID means that: (i) Every country achieves a higher level of industrialization in their economies, and benefits from the globalization of markets for industrial goods and services; (ii) No one is left behind in benefiting from industrial growth, and prosperity is shared among women and men in all countries; (iii) Broader economic and social growth is supported within an environmentally sustainable framework; and (iv) The unique knowledge and resources of all relevant development actors are combined to maximize the development impact of ISID. This project is in line with the Country Programme in that it boosts the economy of Chengbu and helps Chengbu achieves a higher level of industrialization though industrial design ability improvement and e-commerce. 2. The United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) 2016-2020 The United Nations Development Assistance Framework 2016-2020 (UNDAF) serves as a strategic document designed to enable the UN System to provide an integrated response to assist in addressing national development priorities and challenges in China. The purpose of the UNDAF is to articulate the high level priorities of the UN system in China between 2016 and 2020 in support of China’s development goals. Following a consultative process to align national development priorities with areas where the UN holds a comparative advantage, and in anticipation of the emerging post 2015 agenda three priority areas were selected. These are: 1) Poverty Reduction and Equitable Development; 2) Improved and Sustainable Environment; and 3) Enhanced Global Engagement. The implementation of the UNDAF will be significantly influenced by the substantial social and demographic shifts taking place in China; an aging population, rapid urbanization and related mass migration. These shifts will impact all three areas and will fundamentally affect the way China implements reform. The first priority of UNDAF, Poverty Reduction and Equitable Development, is related to this project. Under the first priority, the UN is committed to supporting China to promote innovative poverty alleviation mechanisms, and develop a resilient society by improving living conditions, expanding economic opportunities, promoting inclusiveness and reducing disparities to benefit the entire population. This project aims at improving the level of equitable development and alleviating poverty in Chengbu, which match UN’s commitment under UNDAF. 3. The 13th Five-Year Plan China’s Five-Year Plans are a series of social and economic development initiatives. The economy was shaped by the Communist Party of China through the plenary sessions of the Central Committee and national congresses. The party plays a leading role in establishing the foundations and principles of Chinese socialism, mapping strategies for economic development, setting growth targets, and launching reforms. The focused areas of the 13th Five-Year Plan are: (i) Innovation: Move up in the value chain by abandoning old heavy industry and building up bases of modern information-intensive infrastructure; (ii) Balancing: Bridge the welfare gaps between countryside and cities by distributing and managing resources more efficiently; (iii) Greening: Develop environmental technology industry, as well as ecological living and ecological culture; (iv) Opening up: Deeper participation in supranational power structures, more international co-operation; and (v) Sharing: Encourage people of China to share the fruits of economic growth, so to bridge the existing welfare gaps. This project targets at the poverty alleviation in one of the poorest areas in China, contributing to bridging the gap between the rich and poor areas in China, which is in line with the objectives of the 13th Five-Year Plan. 4. The projects of e-commerce and industrial design UNIDO has been implementing one project on BRICS SMEs e-commerce development. The objective of the project is to strengthen e-commerce cooperation among the SMEs in BRICS. UNIDO DG, Mr. LI Yong and the president of CIDA, Mr. LIU Ning signed an agreement to increase the cooperation between both parties on 15 August 2017. UNIDO and CIDA agreed to strengthen collaboration in multiple areas including China’s industrial design industry. Objective and Expected Outputs: The main goal of this project is to promote the utilization of Chengbu’s natural resources of bamboo and pasture, improve the industrial design ability and promote the e-commerce development, thereby alleviating poverty in Chengbu County, Hunan Province. The expected outputs of this project are: a. the improvement of technology, productivity and diversification of bamboo products; b. the improvement of the dairy product quality and brand-building of the Nanshan Pasture; c. the improvement of the industrial design ability on arts and handicrafts with minority group’s culture; and d. the improvement of the assess to markets through the development of e-commerce. Activities of the Project: The activities of the project are as follows: 1. To improve the technology on deeply processing bamboo, to improve the productivity and quality of relevant products, and to diversify the bamboo products: a. Training: The relevant training on bamboo products manufacturing will be provided to the local enterprises. b. Seminars: International and national experts will give professional advices on manufacturing diversified bamboo products with higher technology. c. Exhibition: Relevant exhibitions will be organized for the local enterprises. 2. To improve the dairy product quality and brand-building of the Nanshan Pasture of Chengbu County: a. Training: Trainings will be given by CFDA. b. Visits: Visits to the relevant enterprises in Shanghai and Beijing will be arranged. c. Seminars: Relevant experts from China and other countries will be invited to the seminars on dairy products manufacturing for the officials and entrepreneurs in Chengbu County. 3. To improve the industrial design capability on arts and handicrafts with minority group’s culture: a. Training: The training will be given by the Industrial Design Institute and professional schools in Hunan in cooperation with CIDA. b. On-the-job training and visits to the enterprises of industrial design of arts handicrafts. c. Seminars: Relevant experts from China and other countries will be invited to the seminars on industrial design for the officials and entrepreneurs in Chengbu County. 4. To improve the e-commerce development in Chengbu County through forging partnership with existing e-commerce platforms: a. Capacity building: Training courses will be conducted by UNIDO, in cooperation with e-commerce platforms including Alibaba, JD.com, Shandong Zhiyan Group Work Win Co., Ltd., Epec and DH Gate. b. E-commerce stations: E-commerce stations will be piloted in villages of Chengbu County in cooperation with the Department of Electronic Commerce and Informatization of MOFCOM. c. Exhibitions: SMEs exhibitions will be organized for the entrepreneurs in Chengbu County.