CP3 aims to demonstrate that climate friendly investments in developing countries, including in renewable energy, water, energy efficiency and forestry are not only ethically right but also commercially viable. It aims to attract new forms of finance such as pension funds and sovereign wealth funds into these areas by creating two commercial private equity funds of funds which will invest in subfunds and projects in developing countries, creating track records of investment performance which should in turn encourage further investments and accelerate the growth of investment in climate.
This activity supports an annual UK contribution to The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer which is a multilateral environmental agreement with universal ratification. It regulates the production and consumption of ozone depleting substances (ODS). Protection of the ozone layer is vital in preventing increased UV radiation, resulting in higher incidence of skin cancers and eye cataracts, more-compromised immune systems, and negative effects on watersheds, agricultural lands and forests. The Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol was established in 1991. The Fund's objective is to provide financial and technical assistance to developing country parties to the Montreal Protocol whose annual per capita consumption and production of ODS is less than 0.3 kg to comply with the control measures of the Protocol. The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer is a multilateral environmental agreement signed in 1985 that provided frameworks for international reductions in the production of chlorofluorocarbons due to their contribution to the destruction of the ozone layer, resulting in an increased threat of skin cancer.
To increase understanding and integration of climate resilience and environmental management into delivery, plans and policy in Sudan. 100% ICF Funding
To engage with China on developmental issues on international poverty reduction in order to develop a shared agenda on innovative activities that expose aid practitioners to new and effective approaches to international development, including addressing demand from other developing countries for lessons from China's development experience.
This activity supports the UK's annual contribution to UNEP which is an Annex 2 Organisation. UNEP sets global environmental agenda, promotes the coherent implementation of the environmental dimension of sustainable development within the United Nations system and serves as an authoritative advocate for the global environment.
This activity supports the UK's annual core contribution to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The CBD is the main international forum devoted to the conservation and sustainable use of the world’s biological diversity, from genetic resources, to whole ecosystems. It has almost universal membership, with 196 Parties – only the USA and the Holy See are not Party to the CBD. The Convention on Biological Diversity explicitly aims to contribute human well-being and poverty eradication in developing countries through taking actions to halt biodiversity loss and ensuring essential ecosystem services. It has three main objectives: the conservation of biological diversity; the sustainable use of its components; and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.
This annual contribution secures UK membership of, and ability to participate in the decision-making processes of, the Convention on International Trade in Endagered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). The Convention is an international agreement to which States and regional economic integration organizations adhere voluntarily. The work of CITES aims to promote global prosperity by facilitating the legal international trade in species and their derivatives while protecting them from over-exploitation. The UK's annual contributions go towards the work of the CITES Secretariat, including its efforts to produce and share information on the status of endangered species, their sustainable use by communities from a range of locations and economic backgrounds, and the most effective means of engaging rural and local communities in the CITES decision-making process. CITES follows a regular cycle of international conferences which allow its rules to be reviewed, including the listing of new species for protection. Parties need to implement the rules of the conventions and provide the protections required to listed species otherwise they will be subject to compliance mechanisms, which in the case of CITES can extend to trade suspensions.
This activity supports the UK contribution to the Basel Convention. The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal Usually known as the Basel Convention, this an international treaty that was designed to reduce the movements of hazardous waste between nations, and specifically to prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed countries (LDCs). The overarching objective of the Basel Convention is to protect human health and the environment against the adverse effects of hazardous wastes. Its scope of application covers a wide range of wastes defined as “hazardous wastes” based on their origin and/or composition and their characteristics, as well as two types of wastes defined as “other wastes” - household waste and incinerator ash. The spend is for the UK's annual subscription to the Basel Convention which the UK ratified in 1994. The UK pays into the Convention’s Trust Fund annually. The Fund financially supports the Secretariat of the Basel Convention and meetings of the Conference of the Parties and Open-Ended Working Groups of the convention.
This activity supports an annual UK contribution to the IPBES. IPBES is a science-policy platform providing comprehensive, credible and legitimate scientific knowledge about Earth’s essential life support systems and their contribution to human well-being; as well as tools and local capacity to help decision makers around the world identify solutions to pressures on ecosystems, sustainable use of natural resources and related poverty. Contributions to the IPBES Trust Fund are used to meet the running costs and support developing country expert engagement in delivering the work programme agreed by member governments at the Plenary meetings.
This activity supports an annual UK contribution to the Nagoya Protocol. The Nagoya Protocol is a supplementary, legally-binding agreement to the Convention on Biological Diversity. The Nagoya Protocol came into force in October 2014 and aims to fulfill the third objective of the CBD, namely access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of their utilisation. The Nagoya Protocol was ratified on 22 February 2016 and it became a Party to the Protocol on 22 May 2016. Under the Protocol the UK is legally bound to promote access and benefit sharing of genetic resources through our ratification of the Protocol. We are also politically bound through the CBD's Aichi Biodiversity Targets and the UN's Sustainable Development Goals.
This activity supports the UK's annual contribution to the Minamata Convention on Mercury which is a global treaty to protect human health and the environment from the adverse effects of mercury. The Convention draws attention to a global and ubiquitous metal that, while naturally occurring, has broad uses in everyday objects and is released to the atmosphere, soil and water from a variety of sources. Controlling the anthropogenic releases of mercury throughout its lifecycle has been a key factor in shaping the obligations under the Convention. Major highlights of the Minamata Convention include a ban on new mercury mines, the phase-out of existing ones, the phase out and phase down of mercury use in a number of products and processes, control measures on emissions to air and on releases to land and water, and the regulation of the informal sector of artisanal and small-scale gold mining. The Convention also addresses interim storage of mercury and its disposal once it becomes waste, sites contaminated by mercury as well as health issues. The Minamata Convention on Mercury, under Article 13, sets up a Specific International Programme to support capacity building and technical assistance. The Programme is expected to improve the capacity of developing-country Parties and Parties with economies in transition to implement their obligations under the Convention.
This is a UK contribution to the Convention on Migratory Species, also known as the Bonn Convention, which aims to conserve terrestrial, aquatic and avian migratory species throughout their range. CMS brings together the States through which migratory animals pass and provides a platform for internationally coordinated conservation measures. CMS is used as a framework, with different models employed to form individual conservation agreements under its auspices. The model of agreement used to protect species under CMS, from legally binding treaty to memorandum of understanding, is adapted to the requirements of particular regions. Contributions to the CMS convention not only enable the UK to participate in its decision-making processes and the creation or maintenance of individual conservation agreements, but the contributions also support wider activities undertaken under CMS. These range from task forces, such as the renewable energy task force (reconciling renewable energy developments with the conservation of migratory species) to capacity building in developing countries and countries with economies in transition (enabling them to reap the environmental, social and economic benefits offered by full compliance with MEAs).
This activity supports an annual contribution to the Ramsar Convention, or the Convention on Wetlands, which is an intergovernmental treaty that seeks to conserve wetlands and their resources. The mission of the Ramsar Convention explicitly conceives of the conservation and wise use of wetlands as a contribution towards achieving sustainable development throughout the world. Wetlands provide a range of vital ecosystem services; they deliver flood control, coastal protection, and climate change adaptation and mitigation functions, protecting the communities most at risk from floods, droughts and storm surges. They are also diverse habitats, which support biodiversity and are essential to the life cycles and migratory patterns of many species. Overall, wetlands provide food for more than three billion people worldwide and are a source of freshwater and livelihoods for over one billion people. The Ramsar Convention in pursuing the global wise use of wetlands makes a central contribution to long-term pro-poor growth and to protecting the livelihoods of the poorest. The Convention provides support to developing countries through the provision of small grants, advisory missions and funding for emergency action in threatened areas, targeted capacity building and training, and sharing of expertise from developed countries.
This activity supports an annual contribution to the Cartagena Protocol. The Cartagena Protocol sets out policy and regulation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) released into the environment. The UK has engaged with the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (CPB) since it was adopted in 2000, and signed it the same year. The Protocol aims to ensure the safety of human health and the environment by governing the transfer, handling, and packaging of international movements of GMOs. As a Party to the CPB, the UK is bound by United Nations Environment Programme rules to pay an annual subscription. The CPB recognises the benefits of modern biotechnology, and at the same time aims to protect human health, the environment, conservation, and biological diversity from any potential risks arising from the handling, transfer and packaging of GMOs during international movement. Parties are subject to a range of obligations, and, therefore, need a range of capabilities in order to fulfil their obligations under the Protocol. These include an appropriate infrastructure (the ability to detect and identify GMOs), legislation, policy and scientific expertise, and access to robust and balanced information. The Protocol has a focus on the evolving needs of countries with economies in transition to support access to existing expertise and technology. Under the Protocol a number of regional, national and international decisions have been developed and adopted in order to support the development of the capabilities of Parties, as appropriate.
This activity supports the UK's annual contribution to the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) which is an intergovernmental treaty dedicated to the conservation of migratory waterbirds and their habitats