The ‘Ethiopian Jobs Compact’ will support the Government of Ethiopia’s industrialisation efforts, creating over 100,000 jobs for Ethiopians and refugees residing in the country. The Compact will match international support for job creation in Ethiopia to the gradual relaxation of the limitations on labour market access for 30,000 refugees. The job creation elements of the Compact would focus on Ethiopia’s ambitious industrialisation plans. This would support improvements in the investment climate, investment promotion, and improving environmental and social standards in the manufacturing sector. This would create over 100,000 jobs, mainly for young women, in global value chains such as garments and textiles. Support to refugees would include the necessary legislative changes but also training, relocation, rehousing and protection measures for this vulnerable group. It is anticipated that some of these employment opportunities for refugees would be in the manufacturing sector.
To support access to finance for small and medium sized businesses, especially those owned and run by women, and to support productivity and growth in the horticulture, leather and textiles sectors in order to raise incomes and create jobs.
To increase trade, growth and poverty reduction through greater regional integration and trade competitiveness.
The programme aims to build capacity to support key public sector institutions that shape the regulatory environment for business, help the oil seed sector reach its full potential through the establishment of sustainable market structures supported by government, and provide financial and technical support to business adopting pro-poor business models.
The Invest Africa initiative will help drive the economic transformation needed to create jobs for the future and set countries on a trajectory out of poverty. It is expected to generate £1bn of new Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in manufacturing (including agro-processing and high value services) sectors in Africa. It will do this by working with African Governments and international companies to facilitate new investments (e.g. by developing the business case for firms to undertake investment, or by supporting their negotiations with Government) and by addressing sector specific barriers preventing those particular investments from taking place .
The Sustainable Manufacturing and Environmental Pollution (SMEP) programme will tackle the problem of pollution generated by manufacturing and industrial activity in developing countries. Pollution linked to manufacturing and industry in developing countries is causing very high (and in some cases catastrophic) levels of environmental degradation, which are leading to long-term health problems among workers and the general population, as well as widespread contamination of vital resources, including drinking water, livestock, soils and food crops. The SMEP programme will contribute to the identification, development and application of technology-based solutions, cleaner production methods and systems that will reduce the environmental impact and pollution generated by manufacturing in developing countries, leading to long-term environmental sustainability, improved health standards and greater production efficiency.
BICF 2 aims to reduce poverty in Bangladesh through sustained pro-poor economic growth. Towards this broader goal, the impact of this programme will be to contribute to the creation of 50,000 additional formal jobs for the poor, at least 40% of which will be for women. The programme will provide technical assistance to develop new policies, improve regulations, strengthen institutions and simplify processes of relevant bodies within the government of Bangladesh that work with businesses. In so doing, it will make Bangladesh an easier place to do business, facilitating growth and job creation. BICF 2 will have a specific mandate to support special economic zones and the agribusiness sector. Two other sectors with high job creation potential will be identified and supported.
This programme will support reforms to improve the economic and business environment in Zimbabwe, in order to unlock Zimbabwe’s prosperity potential. This will help reduce poverty in Zimbabwe through putting the country on a pathway to economic development and job creation. It will also benefit the UK through fostering trade and investment links
The Skills and Employment Programme – Bangladesh (Sudokkho) aims to enhance the provision of private sector skills training in the Ready-made Garments and Construction sectors in Bangladesh, in particular training that effectively supports the poor, women and disadvantaged populations into decent employment. It seeks to do this by applying market development principles to stimulate private sector investments in training for poor and disadvantaged people that can achieve scale and sustainability.
To work with global and British business to provide 300,000 women with improved access to better jobs in supply chains where they work in agriculture, manufacturing or other global sectors. The programme will work with business and their suppliers to address barriers to women such as discrimination, violence in the workplace and unpaid care, to help women move into higher paying roles in farms, factories and distribution networks. The programme will also demonstrate the UK's response to the UN High Level Panel (HLP) recommendations by improving results for women through our economic development programmes and participating in new partnerships with HLP members to implement the report.