Kyrgyzstan is the second poorest country in central Asia with gross national income (GNI) per capita of $88. An estimated 32% of the population live below the national poverty line. The economic base is narrow, fragile and dependent on remittances (which represent 25% of GDP), trade and transit.
Social indicators are poor, especially in the south. Progress towards MDGs has been mixed: health targets, including on child mortality, maternal health and HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases are unlikely to be met in 2015. Although making progress as a parliamentary democracy, Kyrgyzstan remains politically as well as economically fragile.
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