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To advance Palestinian refugees’ human development by funding the United Nations Relief and Works Agency to deliver basic education, health and relief services for over 355 thousand refugees across the Middle East – in Gaza, the West Bank, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. Through predictable, multi-year funding to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency the programme will improve the Agency’s effectiveness and sustainability, thereby reducing the vulnerability of Palestinian refugees dependent on its services. It will also contribute to protecting regional stability by meeting the basic needs of the Palestinian refugee population and reducing the severe pressure on host governments and communities.
To support the Palestinian Authority (PA) to meet the needs of the Palestinian people. Funding will enable around 25,000 young Palestinians with access to an education, provide up to 3,700 immunisations for children, and 185,000 medical consultations each year. This will help to build and strengthen the capacity of PA institutions through public financial management reform, and build stability in the region by preserving the two state solution.
To support the development of capable, accountable and responsive security and justice services for citizens in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPTs) by improving service delivery and capacity building of key justice and security institutions.
This programme invests up to £3.77m (revised budget 2013/16) to help Palestinian farmers in Area C support their families through increased incomes from agricultural production. The programme also helps Palestinians produce spatial plans (also known as master-plans) as a means to engage the Israeli planning system to prevent properties being demolished. The lack of spatial plans is one of the reasons that demolitions are carried out by the Israeli authorities. In July 2015, the programme extended its support from Area C to Gaza, to develop a community-led master plan that will provide the basis for reconstruction and strengthen the Palestinian Authority statebuilding effort in Gaza. In December 2015, UK Ministers agreed to fund the EU managed ‘Access to Essential Social and Public Infrastructure in Area C’ that provides basic infrastructure within the boundaries of master-plans.
The programme will fund the Access Coordination Unit and the Materials Monitoring Unit to ensure that humanitarian organisations have access to those in need, and so that the materials needed for reconstruction in Gaza are available. The ACU provides operational support to humanitarian agencies to ensure access permits are issued for personnel and goods, to enable these vital resources to reach the most vulnerable. The Materials Monitoring Unit aims to facilitate timely access of large amounts of construction materials into Gaza so that housing and infrastructure destroyed or damaged during the Gaza conflict in the summer of 2014 can be repaired and rebuilt. The UK seeks to support the rebuilding of Gaza as a humanitarian imperative, to alleviate shelter and basic service needs which were exacerbated by the 2014 conflict, to stimulate economic growth and reduce poverty.
People-to-people work in Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories to build understanding and cooperation on social, economic and political issues. This programme will bring together Israelis and Palestinians to cooperate on issues which can have a positive impact on social, political and economic life within both communities. By creating a space for sustained, productive, interaction this will build understanding between people on both sides of the conflict, helping build support for a peaceful, negotiated resolution.
Improved trade flows and strengthened business and security environment through the work of the Office of the Quartet (OQ) on easing restrictions in the West Bank and Gaza. A cumulative of £180m in trade are expected by the end of the project.
To improve the competitiveness of the Palestinian private sector by i) providing matching grants and technical assistance to mitigate the risk associated with business development, ii) undertaking market analysis to identify and address market failures, iii) strengthening inward investment and transfer of know how. This will benefit at least 480 companies leading to develop about 250 new products and enter 350 new markets. This contributes towards our MDG’s by reducing the rate of Palestinians below the national poverty line to 13% in 2014.